This very special issue of Taiwan Literature: English Translation Series is dedicated to the life work of the journal's founder and main editor, Tu Kuo-ch'ing. Apart from his important role in the promotion of Taiwan literature, Professor Tu is a celebrated and much-studied poet who has been one of the most significant poets in the Modernist poetry movement in Taiwan since the 1960s. However, very little of his work is available to English language readers. This is unfortunate for both historic and aesthetic reasons. Therefore, it is our intention with this special issue to provide a representative selection of Tu's poetic oeuvre, as well as a number of studies of his verse in English translation. Our hope is that in this way readers outside of the Chinese-speaking world will be afforded the opportunity both to enjoy Tu's outstanding accomplishment as a poet and to gain an understanding of his contribution to the development of Modernist verse in the Chinese language.
Foreword to the Special Issue on Tu Kuo-ch'ing／Kuo-ch'ing Tu
Introduction to the Special Issue on Tu Kuo-ch'ing Terence Russell／Terence Russell
Sinophone Literature and Shi-Hua Literature 華語文學與世華文學／Kuo-ch'ing Tu
Translation and the Translation of Poetry 翻譯與譯詩／Translated by Yung-chun Hsiao
From Modern Literature to Bamboo Hat 從《現代文學》到《笠》／Translated by Linshan Jiang
Confessions of a Mask: The Real and Unreal World of Poetry 假面的告白—詩的真假世界／Translated by Terence Russell
In Memory of My Colleague Robert Backus 悼念拔苦子教授／Translated by Yingtsih Hwang
Love Imbued with Desire: Five Dreams 愛染五夢／Translated by Kuo-ch'ing Tu and Robert Backus
Pygmalion’s Soliloquy 裴格美良的獨語／Kuo-ch'ing Tu
Lyrics on Greek Mythology: Thirteen Poems 《希臘神弦曲》十三首／Translated by Kuo-ch'ing Tu and Robert Backus
Jade Smoke Collection: Twelve Poems 《玉煙集》十二品／Translated by Kuo-ch'ing Tu and Robert Backus
Missionary Arthur’s Drinking Song傳道者亞瑟的酒歌／Translated by Terence Russell
Variations on a Pastoral Theme 田園變奏曲／Translated by Terence Russell
To Baudelaire 致波特萊爾／Translated by Terence Russell
Correspondences: The Interpenetration of All Dharmas 萬法交徹／Translated by Kuo-ch'ing Tu and Robert Backus
The Gold Lion 金獅子／Translated by Terence Russell
Fireworks 煙花／Translated by Terence Russell
Ars Poetica 詩法／Translated by Terence Russell
After Viewing the Volcanic Crater of Mt. Aso 阿蘇火山口觀後／Translated by Terence Russell
Temple Bell: Comforting the Departed Souls 梵鐘．慰靈／Translated by Terence Russell
Little Angel of the Ice Sea 冰海小天使／Translated by Terence Russell
Travels in Canada: Three Poems 加拿大之旅三首／Translated by Terence Russell
As They Happened: Three Poems on the Tiananmen Incident 天安門事件紀實三首／Translated by Kuo-ch'ing Tu and Robert Backus
The Sunflower Student Movement 太陽花學運／Kuo-ch'ing Tu
Poets: Reflection on the Beautiful Island Incident 詩人—美麗島事件有感／Translated by Kuo-ch'ing Tu and Robert Backus
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum 中山陵／Kuo-ch'ing Tu
Jacaranda 紫花楹／Kuo-ch'ing Tu
Philosophy of the Cat貓的哲學／Kuo-ch'ing Tu
The Poetic Effect of Eros Rising: On the Erotic Writing in Tu Kuo-ch'ing's Love Imbued with Desire: Five Dreams 愛慾勃揚的詩教力量―試論杜國清情詩集《愛染五夢》／Translated by John Balcom
Where Does the “Visitor” Come from? ― On the Multinational Experience and Cultural Memory in Tu Kuo-ch'ing's Glimpses of Mountains and Rivers 「客」從何處來？―論杜國清《山河掠影》裡的跨國經驗與文化感懷／Translated by Ivan Yung-chieh Chiang
The Poetics of Tu Kuo-ch'ing's “Poems about Poetry” 杜國清「以詩論詩」的詩學觀點／Translated by John Balcom
About the Translators
About the Editors
About the Editors
Kuo-ch'ing Tu, born in Taichung, Taiwan. His research interests include Chinese literature, Chinese poetics and literary theories, comparative literature East and West, and world literatures of Chinese (Shi-Hua wenxue). He is the author of numerous books of poetry in Chinese, as well as translator of English, Japanese, and French works into Chinese.
Terence Russell is Senior Scholar in the Asian Studies Center at the University of Manitoba. He has an interest in contemporary literature in Chinese, especially the literature of Taiwan's Indigenous people. Dr. Russell has been a regular contributor to Taiwan Literature: English Translation Series, and was the guest editor of Issue 24 on Taiwan Indigenous myths and oral literature.
About the Translators
Robert Backus received his Ph.D. in Oriental Languages from the University of California at Berkeley in 1963, and spent most of his academic career at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he retired in 1991 as Professor Emeritus of Japanese Literature in the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultural Studies. His publications include a number of articles in the Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies on Japanese Confucianism in the Edo period, the Kansei Reform and samurai education, and the career and thought of the Edo-period Confucian, Tsukada Taihō, together with a translation of his Seidō tokumon [Attaining the Gates to the Way of the Sage]. He also had a book of literary translation: The Riverside Counselor’s Stories: Vernacular Fiction of Late Heian Japan (Stanford University Press, 1985). Among other activities, he served as co-editor of Taiwan Literature: English Translation Series. Professor Backus passed away in November 2014.
John Balcom teaches at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey. Recent translations include The All-seeing Eye: Collected Poems by Shang Qin (National Museum of TaiwanLiterature) and The Great Flowing River: A Memoir of China, from Manchuria to Taiwan by Chi Pang-yuan (Columbia University Press).
Ivan Yung-chieh Chiang received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in foreign languages and literatures from National Taiwan University and his doctorate in translation studies from National Taiwan Normal University. Since 1996, he has been a freelance editorial assistant for The Taipei Chinese PEN quarterly, and his English translations of some works by Yuan Che-sheng and Li Ang were published in the quarterly. He is a winner of several Liang Shih Chiu Literary Awards and Council for Cultural Affairs Literary Translation Awards for translation of poems, essays, and short stories from Chinese to English. He is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, National Chung Hsing University in Taichung, Taiwan.
Yung-chun Hsiao graduated from the department of Chinese Literature at National Taiwan University in 2017 and is currently a second year master's degree student at the East Asian Languages and Cultural Studies Department at UC Santa Barbara. Yungchun's research interests lie in the literature of colonial Taiwan and translation studies. She studies the interrelations between languages, modernity, and colonialism that are reflected within literature.
Yingtsih Hwang is an independent scholar and translator based in Monterey.
Linshan Jiang is a Ph.D. student in the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultural Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara. Her research interests are modern and contemporary literature and film in mainland China, Taiwan, and Japan, as well as interdisciplinary studies of memory and translation and emotion/gender studies. Her dissertation project focuses on women's wartime experience and memories in the 1930s and 1940s across the Asia-Pacific area through literature and film. She has published book reviews and translations about the interdisciplinary studies of memory and translation.
Terence Russell is Senior Scholar in the Asian Studies Center at the University of Manitoba. He has an interest in contemporary literature in Chinese, especially the literature of Taiwan’s Indigenous people. Dr. Russell has been a regular contributor to Taiwan Literature: English Translation Series, and was the guest editor of Issue 24 on Taiwan Indigenous myths and oral literature.